Our last stop on our tour around Sri Lanka is the ancient city of Anuradhapura. Located in Northern Central Province, it is one of the oldest continually inhabited cities in the world. It is believed that from the forth century BC until the beginning of the eleventh century AD it was the capital of the Sinhalese. The ancient city covers a large area and is split into two sections. The Citadel area in which you have to pay, and the area to the south which is free apart from Isurumuniya Viharaya temple which cost 200 lkr, .87p. It costs $25 to visit the citadel, once again a disproportionate amount to locals, but it’s not to be missed. Like I said the citadel covers a large area, there are plenty of Tuk Tuk drivers willing to take you on a tour. They will come out with an array of different prices so make sure you barter if that’s the way you want to go. We decided not to take the tour but to walk around the site, to the surprise of all the Tuk Tuk drivers who thought we were mad, and who told us that the distance would be anywhere between 17km and 25km. In fact it was just over 11km. It was a really nice amble around which took around eight hours, that does include taking in the sights. It was an amazing day. There is also plenty of wildlife to see on the way, a lot of which would have been missed if we were in a Tuk Tuk or taxi. From exotic birds to plenty monkeys getting up to there antics. At one point we were approaching a small stream when we heard a loud splashing noise. Initially I could only see a duck sort of running along the water, but as we got closer we saw it was being chased by a huge Monitor Lizard. (In fact it was so big we thought it was a crocodile) Luckily for the duck it managed to escape. When the lizard crawled up the bank after its failed attempt we were both amazed at its size. I could go on and list the many stunning structures around the site, but I would be writing for days. So all I can say if you are in Sri Lanka it’s a must see place. One great structure that I will mention is the Jetavana Stupa, which is possibly the main sight in the citadel. The reason I mention Jatavana Stupa is because its currently the highest Buddhist Stupa (made up of 93,300,000 fire burnt bricks) in the world. Also in the 4th century AD it was the third highest structure in the world. Only the two Great Pyramids of Egypt were higher.
It goes without saying take plenty of water if you aim to walk around the citadel as you can imagine it gets very hot. Also there are not many vendors around plying there trade. On our second day visiting the site we did get a Tuk Tuk to take us around the sights in the free area (because we were pretty exhausted from the day before, and also the sites are quite far apart). Make sure you have some short socks and a sarong, (or wear long trousers) with you when visiting the temples, as your not allowed in with shoes or bare legs. The socks are a must as the stone floors get hot, I mean extremely hot, After visiting our first temple, the flagstones were so hot I burnt the soles of my feet, we had to run from shadow to shadow it was ridiculous “they stung for a couple of days afterwards”. We had to ask the Tuk Tuk driver to take us back into town to buy some socks. So be warned. Quite how the local people stroll around without any bother is beyond me.
Suggested sights outside the citadel.